Cancer Screening

Cancer Screening

Cancer screening refers to the use of medical tests or procedures to detect cancer in individuals who do not show any symptoms. The primary goal of cancer screening is to identify cancer at an early stage when treatment is more effective and the chances of successful outcomes are higher. Here are some commonly recommended cancer screenings:

Breast Cancer: Mammograms: Regular mammograms are recommended for women aged 40 and above to detect breast cancer. The frequency and age to start screening may vary based on individual risk factors. Clinical breast exams and self-examinations are also encouraged for early detection.

Cervical Cancer: Pap Smear: Pap smears or Pap tests are typically recommended for women aged 21 to 65. They involve collecting cells from the cervix to check for abnormalities that could indicate precancerous or cancerous changes. The frequency of Pap smears may vary based on individual risk factors and recent test results.

Colorectal Cancer: Colonoscopy: Colonoscopy is a procedure that examines the entire colon to detect polyps or abnormal growths that can potentially develop into cancer. Starting at age 50, individuals with average risk are generally advised to undergo colonoscopies every 10 years. Other screening options, such as fecal occult blood tests (FOBT) or stool DNA tests, may also be recommended based on individual circumstances.

Prostate Cancer: Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test: The PSA blood test is commonly used to screen for prostate cancer in men. However, the decision to undergo PSA screening is often individualized and should be discussed with a healthcare provider, considering factors such as age, family history, and personal preferences.

Lung Cancer: Low-dose Computed Tomography (CT) Scan: This screening test is recommended for individuals aged 55 to 80 years who have a significant history of smoking. It involves a low-dose CT scan of the lungs to detect signs of lung cancer. The frequency of screening may depend on the person's smoking history and current smoking status.